Jemez Mountains Salamander
Jemez Mountains Salamander (Plethodon neomexicanus) is a medium-sized (14 cm), lungless salamander that is only found in the Jemez Mountains of northern New Mexico. They are found in moist mixed conifer forests that include Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), white fir (Abies concolor), spruces (Picea spp.), and ponderosa pines (Pinus ponderosa) at lower elevations. They also require habitats with abundant rotted logs, rocks, and other objects that provide humid microclimates and cover. They spend much of their lives belowground in interstitial spaces (e.g., rocks with fractures, burrows, etc.) and are typically only active on the surface when there are moist conditions.