The Gila River Headwaters Conservation Opportunity Area (COA) encompasses 54,733 ha (135,248 ac) in the Gila National Forest of western New Mexico. Almost all is managed by USFS (96%). It contains only one Important Bird Area (Gila-Cliff Area), but 77% of the COA is protected. Landcover includes 15 native vegetation habitats plus open water and a small amount of disturbed lands. The COA is dominated by three native vegetation habitats: Rocky Mountain Lower Montane Forest (41.2%), Intermountain Juniper Woodland (24%), and Madrean Lowland Evergreen Woodland (20%). Perennial aquatic habitats include 285 km (177 mi) of warm water streams, 118 km (73 mi) of cold water streams, and 23.6 ha (58.3 ac) of reservoirs.


Habitat Name Habitat Size in Hectares
Chihuahuan Desert Scrub 62.55
Chihuahuan Semi-Desert Grassland 124.74
Cliff, Scree & Rock Vegetation 1628.1
Intermountain Dry Shrubland & Grassland 465.57
Intermountain Juniper Woodland 13286.79
Madrean Lowland Evergreen Woodland 11086.38
Madrean Montane Forest & Woodland 659.88
Montane-Subalpine Wet Shrubland & Wet Meadow 1.8
Open Water 20.43
Recently Disturbed or Modified 50.13
Rocky Mountain Lower Montane Forest 23589.27
Rocky Mountain Montane Shrubland 7.56
Rocky Mountain Subalpine-High Montane Conifer Forest 1396.98
Rocky Mountain Subalpine-High Montane Meadow 3.87
Southwest Riparian Forest 117.45
Warm & Cool Desert Alkali-Saline Wetland 0.36
Warm Interior Chaparral 2138.76

Species (SGCN)

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